Peter Robert Jackson, CNZM (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand filmmaker, producer and screenwriter, best known for The Lord of the Rings trilogy adapted from the novel by J. R. R. Tolkien. He is also known for his 2005 remake of King Kong and as the producer of the critically acclaimed film District 9.
He won international attention early in his career with his “splatstick” horror comedies, before coming to mainstream prominence with Heavenly Creatures, for which he shared an Academy Award Best Screenplay nomination with his partner, Fran Walsh. Jackson has been awarded a total of three Academy Awards in his career.
Owns two houses in Wellington, New Zealand.
Made the latex models for Bad Taste (1987) in his mom’s kitchen oven, often forcing the family to have sausages for dinner because they couldn’t use the oven.
Owner of production companies WingNut Films, Weta Limited and Three Foot Six.
Father of Billy Jackson and Katie Jackson.
Collects models of airplanes from World War One.
During filming of The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), he used the same pair of shoes and only two T-shirts.
He likes 1960s music: his favorites are The Beatles (and he homaged them in Bad Taste (1987)).
After his parents, Bill and Joan, died, Jackson owns the modest Pukerua Bay house where he grew up.
The stuff in the bowl, in his first movie Bad Taste (1987), was yoghurt, muesli and green food colouring.
In 1998, he bought the New Zealand based film company National Film Unit.
Credits his favorite movie King Kong (1933) as his biggest inspiration in filmmaking. He said that he cried when King Kong fell off the Empire State Building.
The movie that gave him the love for splatter is George A. Romero’s Dawn of the Dead (1978). After seeing it, he felt a bit sick but amazed too.
Together with his partner Fran Walsh, he received the honorary graduation from Massey University [26 November 2001]
With Fran Walsh, he become member of the New Zealand Order of Merit [5 March 2002]
He left school at the age of 17 and started working on a Wellington newspaper.
For his first movie, Bad Taste (1987), he did all the special effects, the make-up effects and built exact replicas of the weapons.
He allegedly offered $150,000 to Aint-it-cool webmaster Harry Jay Knowles for his King Kong (1933) original poster.
Started writing a re-make of King Kong (1933) in 1996, which went through several drafts, until in 2003 he made one that was greenlighted by Universal.
Ranked #20 in Premiere’s 2003 annual Power 100 List. Had ranked #41 in 2002.
Voted ‘Man of the Year 2002’ in the Australian Empire Magazine March 2003.
Both of his parents died during production of The Lord of the Rings.
Met Fran Walsh in 1987, during post-production for the gross-out cult classic Bad Taste (1987).
Son of Bill Jackson and Joan Jackson.
Nominated for a Best Director Academy Award for The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) (which he won), but not for The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002).
The London Daily Mail reported (December 5, 2003) that Jackson was so fond of King Kong (1933) that he once cut up his mother’s old fur coat and used it to make a model of the great ape; also that he consulted with Andy Serkis on the script of his version of the movie.
Has worked with three generations of Astins: John Astin (The Frighteners (1996)); John’s son, Sean Astin (The Lord of The Rings Trilogy); and Sean’s daughter, Alexandra Astin (The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003)).
Ranked #6 in Premiere’s 2004 annual Power 100 List. Had ranked #20 in 2003. He is the second-highest rated director on the list, behind only Steven Spielberg.
The copies of the “Lord of the Rings” books that he referred to during filming are the ones that he bought after seeing _Lord of the Rings, The (1978)_. The books have cover art by Ralph Bakshi.
Has been referred to by Fran Walsh as being a hobbit himself, due to his physical stature, his tendency to go barefoot, and the fact that he is swarthy (in Walsh’s words, “furry”).
Estimated earnings from the ‘Lord of the Rings’ trilogy come close to $125 million.
Along with his wife Fran Walsh, he was one of two husband/wife teams to be nominated for an Oscar for the 2003 season, the other team was Michael McKean and his wife, Annette O’Toole.
Three of his collaborators have had connections to the material being filmed, outside the context of the film being made. Ian Holm, whom he cast as Bilbo in The Lord of the Rings, was cast because he had played Frodo in the BBC radio adaptation. That adaptation was written by Brian Sibley, who is a cousin of his wife, Fran Walsh. In _Heavenly Creatures (1994)_, Kate Winslet plays Juliet Hulme, who would later be known as real-life mystery novelist Anne Perry. Winslet has a sister, Anna Winslet, who appears as Dora in The Cater Street Hangman (1998) (TV), which was based on one of Perry’s novels.
Is among an elite group of 7 directors who have won Best Picture, Best Director & Best Screenplay (Orig/Adapted) for the same film. In 2004 he won all three for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003). The other directors are Billy Wilder, Leo McCarey, Francis Ford Coppola, James L. Brooks and Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (the brothers co-produced, co-directed and co-wrote No Country for Old Men (2007) with each other).
Crowned the most powerful man in Hollywood by ranking #1 on Premiere’s 2005 Power 50 List. It is his first #1 ranking. Had ranked #6 in 2004.
Ranked #7 in Empire (UK) magazine’s “The Greatest directors ever!” 
Lost 70 lbs. during the production of King Kong (2005).
No longer needs glasses after undergoing eye surgery during the making of King Kong (2005).
Described the production of the Lord of the Rings Trilogy as “laying the tracks down in front of the train” as it was moving forward.
Was invested as a Companion Of The New Zealand Order Of Merit [CNZM] by the Governor-General of New Zealand in March 2002.
Ranked #11 on Premiere’s 2006 “Power 50” list. Had ranked #1 in 2005.
Is a fan of “Doctor Who” (1963), and has used the screen name Xoanon, taken from the Doctor Who story “The Face of Evil.”.
One of few directors to be offered the chance of writing and directing sequels to many famous horror franchises. He was offered Leatherface: Texas Chainsaw Massacre III (1990), Freddy’s Dead: The Final Nightmare (1991), Freddy vs. Jason (2003), I Still Know What You Did Last Summer (1998), Exorcist: The Beginning (2004), Halloween: The Curse of Michael Myers (1995), Hellraiser III: Hell on Earth (1992) and Child’s Play 3 (1991).
2007 – Ranked #16 on EW’s The 50 Smartest People in Hollywood.
To acquaint actors who had not read the books with the story, he used the BBC Radio version of The Lord of the Rings, which starred Ian Holm. He ended up using Holm as Bilbo in the films.