White Zombie released August 4, 1932
White Zombie (1932) is an American horror film, first released on August 4, 1932. It was the first film to feature zombies.
Tagline: The Dead Walk Among Us!
Plot: Madeleine (Madge Bellamy) arrives at midnight to witness a mysterious burial before coming face to face with the satanic looking Murder Legendre (Lugosi with goatee and searing eyes) a hypnotist and voodoo master who has been supplying the local mills with an army of zombie laborers. Madeleine’s nightmare is just beginning. Having landed in a world of almost perpetual night where hollow-eyed zombies lumber through the sugar mill and the ghostly town is eerily bereft of living souls she becomes the object of desire for Legendre whose plan to possess her involves her initiation to the world of the undead.
The film was produced independently by minor silent film makers Edward Halperin and Victor Halperin, from a script by Garnett Weston. Victor Halperin directed, and the film was distributed by United Artists.
Sherman S. Krellberg financed most of the production of the film through his Amusement Securities Corporation, using the film rights as collateral. When the Halperins were unable to repay the loan in a timely manner, Krellberg took over the rights and, after its initial run was finished, periodically reissued the film through minor distributors, the last time being in 1972.
is among the most-renowned horror films of the early sound era. Its legacy includes a namesake rock band, an extensive published critical analysis by Gary Don Rhodes, many VHS and DVD versions owing to its public-domain status, and considerable debate among film historians regarding its degree of virtue.
Many factors contribute to White Zombie’s enduring cult film status:
- It is the first film dealing with zombies, a popular horror film subject of the last forty years.
- It was independently-produced and not a product of a major studio like Universal, which made most of the best-known early horror films.
- The director quit midway in filming and Lugosi got the chance to direct some scenes of the film. This according to his son as he commented in the documentary 100 Years of Horror. Lugosi had wished he could have done much more.
- Its use of sophisticated camera, lighting, and sound techniques was pioneering for the genre.
- It features a full musical score, albeit composed of secondary source material; contemporary horrors Dracula and Frankenstein did not.
- Its elaborate sets, rented from Universal, and striking painted background images belie its independent status and help make it more comparable to a studio film than subsequent independent horror films would be.
- It stars Béla Lugosi in one of his top performances, in a unique and visually-striking makeup.
- Jack Pierce, Universal’s resident makeup genius who created the landmark face designs for the Frankenstein Monster, the Mummy, and later the Wolf Man, was the makeup artist for the film.
- It marks the first of many independent-film choices for Lugosi following his success in Universal’s Dracula, a tendency that is generally cited for diminishing his status in the industry and is a popular Lugosi-discussion topic.
- The quality of its performances is the subject of much debate, with some horror-film historians blaming the romantic leads in part for their overall ambivalence toward the film, but others crediting the disparate acting styles as contributing to the film’s strange, dream-like quality.
- Unlike most other popular horror films, White Zombie’s cast is made up almost entirely of actors who today are not popularly-known for other performances; this feature helps to spotlight Lugosi, the most notable exception, and add to the film’s other-worldliness.
- It contains a multitude of singularly-memorable moments, including:
- A frightful scene showing zombies working in the sugar mill owned by Lugosi’s character.
- The foot-to-head introductory pan of the zombie played by Frederick Peters, one of the genre’s scariest-looking characters.
- The famous “flub” of horror-favorite Brandon Hurst holding his nose as he’s being thrown to a watery death.
- Actor-musician Clarence Muse’s description of zombies, a rare instance in early films, especially horror films, in which an African-American was provided an opportunity to deliver lines in a non-stereotypical manner.
- The early close-up of Lugosi’s eyes that travels across a wide shot and settles on the head of the actor.
Make Up Department
Carl Axcelle … makeup artist
Jack Pierce … makeup artist
Special Effects Department
Harold Anderson … special effects
Tagged with: goremaster • Harold Anderson • hollow-eyed zombies • horror favorite • horror film historians • horror films • Jack Pierce • Lugosi’s eyes • Madge Bellamy • makeup artist • Murder Legendre • popular horror films • scariest-looking characters • Sherman S. Krellberg • Special Effects • The Dead Walk Among Us • The Mummy • Universal’s Dracula • Victor Halperin • voodoo master • White Zombie • White Zombie’s cast • Wolf Man • zombie • zombie laborers
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